San Juan is the capital and largest municipality in Puerto Rico. The city celebrates its fifth century in 2008 or 2021, depending on whether one counts from the founding of the original settlement at Caparra or the act of moving the Caparra settlement to Puerto Rico isle (now Old San Juan). [34][35], San Juan has a tropical monsoon climate and has an average temperature of 81.0 °F (27.2 °C) although 90 °F (32 °C) or higher temperatures are seen on an average 79 days annually, more commonly occurring during the wetter months of the northern summer, especially if the winds come from the south. Thus, she became the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas. Some colonial structures have been restored and serve either as government offices or museums. As a result, the municipality also went from 2 to 18 barrios (barrios),[44] 16 of which fall within the former municipality of Río Piedras. Data released Thursday shows the U.S. territory’s population dropped by 129,848 people between July 2017 and July 2018. In 2005 Miramar was designated an historical district of Puerto Rico.[52]. 1951 463,000 Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. On October 30, 1950, San Juan was the scene of the San Juan Uprising, one of many uprisings which occurred in various towns and cities in Puerto Rico, by the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party against the governments of Puerto Rico and the United States. San Juan is a city located in Puerto Rico. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Juan Municipio, PR declined from 337,288 to 320,967, a -4.84% decrease and its median household income grew from $21,912 to $23,012, a 5.02% increase. San Juan's Municipal Legislature is made up of 17 municipal legislators, elected at-large, which represent the city's population. [82] The city is served by five limited-access expressways and highways and numerous arterial avenues and boulevards, but continues to suffer from severe traffic congestion. There is a planned project to build a "interurban light rail system" connecting the cities of San Juan and Caguas. Formally established in 1521, San Juan is the oldest continuously occupied European-settled metropolitan area within U.S. jurisdiction. [60][61] The city's economy relies mostly on companies dedicated to the manufacture of several products, including: Chemical substances (bleach and house cleaning products); medicines; rum and other beverages; fertilizers; electric tools; electronic devices; plastics, textiles, and food-based products. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Today, San Juan is Puerto Rico's most important seaport[6] and is the island's manufacturing,[citation needed] financial, cultural, and tourism center. Largest Cities in Puerto Rico. The Metropolitan Area is served by two airports. San Juan, Puerto Rico. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan, which was founded 1521. [33], Much of San Juan was flooded with Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017, which also triggered numerous landslides. Miramar is mainly a residential area rising south of the Condado Lagoon. [21][22] Spain ceded the island to the United States later the same year by signing the Treaty of Paris. Of the native population, 86.9% were born in Puerto Rico or the U.S. proper, of which 75.6% were born in Puerto Rico and 8.9% were born in the U.S. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … These are: Teams based in San Juan have been notably successful in athletic competition. Other colleges located in San Juan are the University of the Sacred Heart, the Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico, the Ana G. Méndez University System's Metropolitan University, the Metropolitan Campus of the Inter American University of Puerto Rico, the Carlos Albizu University, the Evangelic Seminary of Puerto Rico and the Center for Advanced Studies on Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. [39] Annual rainfall has historically ranged from 35.53 in (902 mm) in 1991 to 89.50 in (2,273 mm) in 2010.[37]. In terms of ancestry, 23,875 people claimed American ancestry, which is equivalent to 5.8% of San Juan's population. They drove Enrico and his men from their trenches and into the ocean in their haste to reach their ships.[17]. On May 8, 1898, United States Navy ships, among them USS Detroit, USS Indiana, USS New York, USS Amphitrite, USS Terror and USS Montgomery, commanded by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson arrived at San Juan Bay. [23], Lieutenant Teófilo Marxuach (retired as a Lieutenant Colonel), a native of Arroyo, Puerto Rico, fired the first shot in what is considered to be the first shot of World War I fired by the regular armed forces of the United States against any ship flying the colors of the Central Powers. It lies south of the Atlantic Ocean; north of Caguas and Trujillo Alto; east of and Guaynabo; and west of Carolina. These 10 hospitals are: Also, there are 10 private hospitals in San Juan. In accordance to the planned uprising in San Juan, a group of nationalists were supposed to attack simultaneously the gubernatorial mansion La Fortaleza, where Puerto Rican governor Luis Muñoz Marín resided, and the United States Federal Court House which is located close to an area called "La Marina" in Old San Juan. Psychiatric Hospital: The main psychiatric hospital in Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rico Conservatory of Music and the School of Fine Arts in Old San Juan specialize in education that promotes the fine arts and music.[79]. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Various events and circumstances, including liberalized commerce with Spain, the opening of the island to immigrants as a direct result of the Royal Decree of Graces of 1815, and the colonial revolutions, led to an expansion of San Juan and other Puerto Rican settlements in the late 18th and early 19th century. [47][48][49] The Cathedral of San Juan Bautista (construction began in the 1520s) is also located in Old San Juan, and contains the tomb of the Spanish explorer and settlement founder Juan Ponce de León. [45] Other buildings of interest predating the 20th century are the Ayuntamiento or Alcaldía (City Hall), the Diputación Provincial and the Real Intendencia buildings, which house the Puerto Rico Department of State,[46] the Casa Rosa, the San José Church (1523) and the adjacent Hotel El Convento, the former house of the Ponce de León family known as Casa Blanca, the Teatro Tapia, the former Spanish barracks (now Museum of Ballajá), La Princesa (former municipal jail, now headquartering the Puerto Rico Tourism Company), and the Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery, located just outside the city walls. The architecture of San Juan is very diverse, due to its size and all the cultural influences received during its existence. The current population of San Juan, Puerto Rico is, The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%. The municipal government is housed in City Hall or Casa Alcaldia, which is located at 153 San Francisco Street, facing the Plaza de Armas at the center of Old San Juan. The plans for redevelopment also hope to make the city more appealing in order to attract new residents, as San Juan has suffered from a shrinking population over the past 60 years.[88]. The Spanish colonial governors also had their summer home there on land which eventually gave way to the main campus of the University of Puerto Rico. This hospital, founded in 1956, is operated by the Medical Services Administration of the Department of Health of Puerto Rico. This was significant for tourism, which had rebounded by October of that year and was close to the pre-Maria era.[8]. In recent years, an increasing number of Americans not of Hispanic ancestry (both of African American and of White American descent) have moved to San Juan. 1799", "DON JUAN DE HARO Y LOS HOLANDESES" (24 de Septiembre de 1625), The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation / Middeldyk, R.A. Van Identifier: etext12272 The History of Puerto Rico From the Spanish Discovery to the American Occupation, "1898 - Adjuntas en la Guerra Hispanoamericana", "Erwin Letter from US Marine Alden Morse, at the USS New York, relating the bombing of San Juan del 12 Mayo 1898", "Chronology of Puerto Rico in the Spanish–American War", "History of the 65th Infantry 1898 to 1946 page 1", "CALLS ODENWALD AFFAIR AN ATTACK; Fired On Without Warning Shot, Germany Asserts, Contradicting San Juan Commander. There are also approximately 673 Asians of non-Hispanic origin in San Juan; they make up less than 0.1% of the population. The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%. It is made up of eight other hospitals. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA. In addition, a large number of Stateside Puerto Ricans have settled in the city upon their return to Puerto Rico. [15] After a few months of English occupation, Clifford was forced to abandon the siege when his troops began to suffer from exhaustion and sickness. Hospital de Veteranos: The main Veterans hospital in the Caribbean. These include the 16th-century Fort San Felipe del Morro and the 17th-century Fort San Cristóbal, both part of San Juan National Historic Site, and the 16th-century El Palacio de Santa Catalina, also known as La Fortaleza, which serves as the governor's mansion. In 1951 the municipalities of San Juan and Río Piedras were merged to redefine San Juan's current city limits. It employs over 1,000 sworn officers plus civilian staff. In July 2007, the San Juan Golf Academy and its driving range began operating atop the city's former sanitary landfill in Puerto Nuevo, and will eventually include the city's first and only 9-hole golf course. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 92.09% of the population. [37] Rainfall is well-distributed throughout the year, but the months of January, February, and March are the driest; as March averages just 1.95 inches (49.5 mm) of rain, the city falls under the tropical monsoon category. Puerto Rico … The Port of San Juan is the fourth busiest seaport in the Western Hemisphere, ranked among the top 17 in the world in terms of container movement. [80] Dominicci Airport is used mainly by general aviation aircraft, charter flights, and some domestic commercial flights. SAYS SHE WAS UNDULY HELD Violated Clearance to Elude Enemy Cruisers That Had Been Warned She Was About to Sail", "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico", "Monthly Averages for San Juan, PR – Temperature and Precipitation", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Climate information for San Juan Intl. The Tren Urbano has received less ridership than was originally projected and has not significantly reduced the city's automobile traffic, despite a reported 7.5% ridership increase in 2006 over 2005. The land battle left 60 Dutch soldiers dead and Enrico with a sword wound to his neck which he received from the hands of Amézqueta. The ambiguous use of San Juan Bautista and Puerto Rico for both the city and the island in time led to a reversal in practical use by most inhabitants: by 1746 the name for the city (Puerto Rico) had become that of the entire island, leading to the city being identified as Puerto Rico de Puerto Rico on maps of the era. At 4,300 vehicles per paved mile, San Juan has by far the highest density of vehicles on the road of any city in the world. The capital of the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico is also the island's primary metropolitan area and home to a number of its main tourist attractions. These schools emphasize topics such as Science and Math, Radio and Television, Arts, Trade, Music, and Sports, but also include other subjects such as Spanish, English, and Social Studies in their curriculum. Artillery from San Juan's fort, El Morro, repelled Drake; however, Clifford managed to land troops and lay siege to the city. [77] The Municipal Police, originally known as the "San Juan Municipal Guard", was created in 1521 and had active military and law enforcement functions until 1980, when Act #77 created municipal law enforcement agencies in Puerto Rico. The table below describes the 15 statistical areas and 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico with the following information: The combined statistical area (CSA) as designated by the OMB. [63] Today the capital features hotels, museums, historical buildings, restaurants, beaches and shopping centers. Santurce is a barrio in the municipality of San Juan, Puerto Rico.Its population in 2010 was 81,251. Industrial Hospital: This is the hospital for Puerto Rico government employees, whether municipal or Commonwealth government employees. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. The largest hospital in San Juan and most important of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean[citation needed] is the Rio Piedras Medical Center, or Centro Medico de Rio Piedras in Spanish. Approximately 1,026 people claimed Sub-Saharan African ancestry; 719 claimed Irish ancestry; 646 claimed German ancestry; 431 claimed Arab ancestry, and 346 claimed English ancestry. ; The CSA population according to 2019 US Census Bureau population estimates. Centro Médico: This is the main hospital for trauma cases for Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. Around $250 million investment is needed to make sure cruise ships can continue to dock there in the years to come. The San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo metropolitan area is a United States Census Bureau defined metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in northeastern Puerto Rico. [76], In 2010 there were 201 homicides in San Juan, a rate of around 50 per 100,000 residents. The 10.7-mile (17.2 km) line connects to 16 stations. San Juan is the most highly populated municipality and the capitalof Puerto Rico with a population of about 395,326 people. Puerto Rico (Spanish for 'Rich Port'; abbreviated PR, Taino: Boriken, Borinquen), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. The damage caused in 2017 by Hurricane Maria was extensive. San Juan has been the capital since NA. The city occupies an area of 76.93 square miles (199.2 km2), of which, 29.11 square miles (75.4 km2) (37.83%) is water. Normally, injured police officers and firefighters are cared for here. Santurce, originally named San Mateo de Cangrejos (Saint Matthew of the Crabs), was a settlement for freed African slaves during the early days of the city. [74], San Juan is also the seat of the Puerto Rico Senatorial district I, which is represented by two Senators. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. San Juan Puerto Rico Tap Water, and around most of the island, is “city water” and safe to drink, tastes good, and meets the same requirements set by the EPA for the United States. As well, 30 ship departures from San Juan were being canceled. Other notable residents include writers Giannina Braschi and Tomas Blanco, award-winning actors Raul Julia and Benicio del Toro, and comedian José Miguel Agrelot. The main central part of the city is characterized by narrow streets made of blue cobblestone and picturesque colonial buildings, some of which date back to the 16th and 17th century. South of Santurce is Hato Rey, part of the former municipality of Río Piedras. This is the population pyramid for Puerto Rico. [55] and is home to the "Plaza del Mercado" (Río Piedras Marketplace), the main campus and the Medical Sciences campus of the University of Puerto Rico and the San Juan Botanical Garden. There are many other ancestry groups in San Juan, but they are very scant. After Pablo Ubarri sought permission to link San Juan with Río Piedras proper via steam tramway in 1878, the time it took to travel between both points were shortened and thereby stimulated the colonization and growth of the district. Technological advances after World War II in the development of the airliner, coupled with the island's climate and natural setting, have transformed San Juan into the springboard for tourism around the island, and has made the rest of the Caribbean known throughout the world during the last fifty years. San Juan has a 2020 population of 331,165. This was important for the economy, since tourism provides up 10% of Puerto Rico's GDP, according to Discover Puerto Rico. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León founded the original settlement which he called Caparra. It comprises the former barrio of Miraflores, as well as drained marshland and landfill over which was built San Juan's first airport, the Isla Grande airport, which was renamed Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport in honor of Major Fernando Luis Ribas-Dominicci (USAF). [citation needed] Several private schools are located in San Juan, including Robinson and St. John's schools in the Condado, Perpetuo Socorro in Miramar, St. John's Episcopal, Santa Mónica and Academia San Jorge in Santurce, Commonwealth High School, La Merced and Espíritu Santo in Hato Rey, Escuela Josefita Monserrate de Selles, San Antonio, Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola, San José in Río Piedras and Cupeyville, St. Mary's, Boneville and Cupey Maria Montesory School in Cupey. Hospital San Gerardo: Located at the Cupey neighborhood, is a small hospital but is also specialized in psychiatry and elderly. [59], San Juan experienced significant economic growth following World War II. Veteran Healthcare System. According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of San Juan was as follows: Among the Hispanic and Latino population, Puerto Ricans are, unsurprisingly, the largest group; they make up 87.5% of San Juan's Hispanic population. [67], The Puerto Rico Museum of Contemporary Art, located in Santurce, specializes in contemporary artwork from Latin America and the Caribbean. People of Dominican descent made up 12.2% of the Hispanic population, while those of Cuban descent formed 1.7% of the Hispanic populace. San Juan is the birthplace of artists and musicians, locally known as Sanjuaneros, who have significantly influenced Puerto Rican culture. This area is approximately 138% of the area of Delaware. What is now known as Old San Juan occupied the western end of a rocky islet, the Isleta de San Juan, at the mouth of San Juan Bay. Airport", "WMO Climate Normals for SAN JUAN/ISLA VERDE INT'L ARP,PR 1961–1990", "San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Viejo Cementerio de San Juan (graveyard's history)", "Official Web Site of the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista", "Puerto Rico Cheap Hotels: Condado, Old San Juan, Isla Verde and Ocean Park budget hotels", "Informese: Miramar designated a historical district", "Official site of the Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico", "Eatin' Where The Cows Used To Roam: Hato Rey Dining At Its Best", "Official site of the University of Puerto Rico", "Cruise Ship Visits to San Juan, Puerto Rico Are Being Canceled", "Historia breve de la Asamblea Municipal", Distribución de Distritos Senatoriales de Puerto Rico, Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General, "Departamento de Policía y Seguridad Pública", "Autoridad de puertos de Puerto Rico official website", "Government's page on Lancha de Cataño's economical impact", "Alternativa de Transporte Integrado homepage", "Historia de los Juegos Centro Americanos y del Caribe", "Caribbean World Series Historical Statistics 2005", "Expos odyssey takes them back to Puerto Rico", "Official site of the World Baseball Classic", "New Year's revolution Pay-Per-View history", "Afiliados: Atlético San Juan Fútbol Club", "Afiliados: Professional Team Academia Quintana FC", "Afiliados: San Juan United Soccer Club, Corp", "Online Directory: Puerto Rico, Caribbean", "Sister Cities - Honolulu - Open Data Portal", "Sister Cities Link Businesses, Create Opportunities", "Killeen and San Juan, Puerto Rico now "sister cities" - KCEN HD - Waco, Temple, and Killeen", "Dubai's sister cities #Dubai - Dubai City Guide", Bibliography of the history of San Juan, Puerto Rico, Historic Places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary, National Weather Service – San Juan, Puerto Rico, Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction,,_Puerto_Rico&oldid=990289785, Capitals of political divisions in the United States, San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo metropolitan area, 1508 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2014, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2014, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Puerto Rico Soccer League Second Division, Black or African American: 18.3% (Non-Hispanic Blacks: 0.3%).
2020 san juan puerto rico population