This drought-tolerant juniper tree needs moist to dry soil with highly acidic to highly alkaline soil PH. The cones on female trees are purple-blue berries. It is widely believed that this type of juniper can reach up to the heights of 10,000 feet or above! The needles are blue-green to gray-green. ... Another blue carpet juniper is Blue Pacific, which, as a cultivar of Juniperus conferta is a slightly more tender selection than those noted thus far, performing best in zones 6-9. Junipers can be divided into two groups: one that has scale-like foliage and another one with the needle-like foliage. The common juniper, also known as Siberian juniper or dwarf juniper, globally is the most widespread of the juniper species, and many subspecies and varieties have been described. The Eastern Redcedar tree ranges from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is the usual host on the juniper side, though many of the other species are also susceptible to at least some degree. Plant this large juniper shrub far enough apart when creating privacy screens to give them room to develop, warns the Missouri Botanical Garden. This is not a species to plant in mass within dense residential areas where there is an ongoing danger of wildfires. The cones contain two seeds and are pointy on one end. Therefore, the seeds are always sterile. Also known as Cedar Juniper, Utah Juniper is an evergreen, bushy species. Some people also make topical use of juniper as they apply it directly to their skin wounds, in case of muscular or joint pain. This species has also been classified as Juniperus cedrosiana, Juniperus pyriformis or Juniperus cerrosianus. Pass on the wealth of information about these highly valued trees to others and surprise them with your knowledge! The largest growth size of a Chinese juniper tree is up to 50 feet in height while the largest Chinese juniper shrub does not grow more than 8 feet in height. This variety of juniper can be spotted in every state of the United States. The plant gets its name because the cone/berry typically contains just one seed. It is used as a specimen tree or in large screen plantings. It is widely distributed in the wild but is rarely planted as a landscape specimen. The bark is thick with a furrowed pattern, setting it apart from other types of trees. Alligator Juniper Alligator juniper hybridizes with oneseed juniper (J. monosperma) from central Mexico through the Southwest to southern Colorado [53,79]. This is a rare juniper that has needle-like leaves, rather than scales. The wood was used for many different tasks during the pioneer era. Commonly known as desert white cedar, California juniper is distributed in Shasta County, California, south of the Baja California Norte. (#1) Juniper Bonsai tree by Luis Vila. However, you can also plant in spring and water a bit more at the beginning. Like other junipers, this low-growing variant attracts birds and mammals which help pollinate the tree. The juvenile leaves are needle-like and the cones are berry-like. Related: Types of Myrtle | Types of Firethorns | Types of Grevillea | Types of Germander. With shapes ranging from ground-hugging juniper bushes just 6 inches high to towering juniper trees 130 feet tall, and colors from steely blue to shimmering gold, there’s a juniper that suits nearly every landscape need. The leaves of these evergreen conifers usually take the form of flattened scales in the mature plants, though they may be needle-like in juvenile plants. Common juniper tends to be a slightly poisonous shrub that grows up to 400 years! By Website Editor August 19, 2020. You can roughly group junipers into three main growth types: groundcover, midheight or mounding, and tall upright. Some other common names of creeping juniper include trailing juniper and creeping Savin juniper. Photo by: Salvador De Los Reyes. Junipers Trees are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. The maximum this juniper can grow in height is up to 2 to 7 m. The bark of the tree is grayish brown which exfoliates in thin strips, resulting in orangey-brown surface. Did you know that drooping juniper of Texas made it to the list of American Forests Champion Trees in 2018? They range in height from a few inches to about 2 feet. According to current research, this variety of juniper has a growth rate of up to 12 to 24 inches per year. Whether you want to cover a slope for erosion control or create a privacy hedge, there’s one that fits the bill. These needles can be found in colors like green, grayish-green, or bluish-green. These are the most common types of junipers: Chinese Juniper … Scientifically known as Juniperus communis, junipers have a wide range of excellent uses and benefits. American Indians eat both raw and cooked berries and used them as a flavoring for meat and gin. This variety of juniper tree produces berry-like cones that are 5 to 10 mm long and 4 to 7 mm in diameter. The wood obtained from redcedar is finely grained and resistant to decay as well. The city of Cedar City, Utah, and Cedar Breaks National Monument got their names because of these shrubby trees, which grow abundantly in Utah and do well in its alkaline soils. Juniper fruits can also be used as a spice in cooking, and they are very attractive to many birds and other forms of wildlife. In its full-bloom, the tree boasts scale-like leaves in a light to medium green color. Here are 12 species of sun-loving juniper trees. The junipers include roughly 60 different species of trees and shrubs in the Juniperus genus, within the cypress (Cupressaceae) family of plants.Although come junipers use the work cedar in their common names, these plants are not members of the Cedrus genus. This tree is now quite rare over much of its native territory in Mexico, but it is very common in New Mexico and other portions of the U.S. Southwest. The leaves are scale-like in the mature trees, and the cones are the familiar blue-green berries with waxy white coating found in many junipers. As juveniles, these upright trees have needle-like leaves that become flattened scales in the mature plants. These chemicals are also effective in eliminating viruses and bacteria. However, it is far from that adjective. Research shows that this type of tree grows at a rate of 0.6 inches in diameters per decade. ... of 367. tree silhouette willow trees name trees with name sycamore tree vector tree types vector walnut tree silhouette red pine silhouette sycamore tree silhoutte cottonwood tree silhouette tree types. 01 of 09. The name Alligator juniper, however, is the most common name of these types of juniper trees because they have barks that look like the skin of alligators. The flowering period ranges from May to June. (#2) Juniper Shohin tree, by Morten Albek. Juniper is ideally planted in fall to ensure root growth and thus proper settling in in spring. Its dense canopy serves as the best shelter for all types of birds. It is very adaptable and can handle many different soils and situations. This evergreen shrub requires full sun exposure, at least 6 hours of sunlight, for healthy growth. List of Different Types of Juniper Trees. Juniper is a short to medium-height evergreen shrub, belonging to the genus Juniperus. They can be either monoecious or dioecious. Reaching up to 2 feet, low-growing junipers can spread easily to 6 to 8 feet. The color of the leaves ranges from pale green to dark green. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. There are also hundreds of Chinese juniper cultivars that are adapted to … Junipers vary in size and shape from tall trees, 20–40 m (66–131 ft) tall, to columnar or low-spreading shrubs with long, trailing branches. They are evergreen with needle-like and/or scale-like leaves. Yellow and orange-brown flowers appear in March. Each has their own uses and come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? The alligator juniper is named for its distinctive bark that resembles the rough, checkered skin of an alligator. As the tree reaches the age of 170, the growth rate slows down to 0.4 inches. It is in the Cupressaceae family (Cypress) with 70 to 80 species growing in the northern hemisphere. Below are some of the most popular varieties if creeping juniper. Scientifically known as Juniperus deppeana, this variety of juniper is widely distributed in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. How a Packet Travels Along an LSP, Types of LSPs, Scope of LSPs The tree boasts separate male and female cones which are fleshy and chewy. Utah juniper is commonly found on dry plains, plateaus, and mountains. Western Juniper belongs to the Cupressaceae family, native to the Western United States. Junipers (Juniperus spp.) In gardens, it is often treated as a shrub. Some types grow as a low ground cover. Types of Junipers. Although come junipers use the work cedar in their common names, these plants are not members of the Cedrus genus. There is a fungus called cedar-apple rust (Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae) that makes its home on juniper trees first, then transfers to apples, crabapples, hawthorn, and quince, causing damage to both plants. Redberry juniper (J. pinchotii) is a stabilized hybrid of alligator juniper and oneseed juniper [89,129]. This juniper species is a large shrub or tree that usually has multiple stems with a dense-rounded crown. Shore juniper – A low growing groundcover that tends to top out at 18 inches (45 cm.) Junipers grow in a variety of sizes, colors and forms, from low-growing ground covers that create dense mats of living foliage to towering, long-lived -- up to 4,000 years -- trees. This type of juniper comes with an extensive root system which makes it highly competent for daily moisture. The most striking feature of California juniper trees is their bluish small cones. Do not plant a juniper in your yard if there are apple trees in your yard or within a mile or two. The foliage is gray-green, and the trunks can be quite massive—up to 6 feet in diameter. That’s a wrap on the most popular varieties of juniper shrubs and trees. Other common names include checkerbark juniper, oak-barked juniper, thick-barked juniper, western juniper, and mountain cedar. Please note that mountain juniper pollinates from April to May and the berries mature from October to December. Like most juniper trees, western juniper is an old, large tree. It features scale-like blue-gray leaves and reddish-brown cones. It is locally used for the construction of fence-posts. Do not plant this tree near apple trees, as it is a host to cedar-apple rust fungus. Junipers are the most versatile evergreen shrubs out there and it is worth knowing most of their varieties, if not all of them. It is generally the female plants that produce colorful berries, which are actually modified cones. Juniper; Junipers - Spreading Types; Spreading types of Junipers are low growing and make great groundcover in the landscape. For the perfect growth, the alligator juniper tree prefers dry hillsides such as the Guadalupe Mountains. Small, 1/2 inch, pale blue berry-like cones turn dark brown when mature. This plant can take many forms depending on its environment. On the western side, red cedar tree ranges from East to the west side of the Great Plains. (Other common names include single-seed juniper and cherrystone juniper.) This is one of the junipers with good tolerance for urban conditions, but it does not like wet soils. 'Skyrocket' is an especially narrow variety that is bluish-green. Also known as weeping juniper, drooping juniper, as the name implies, is droopy in appearance. Junipers have a resinous sap that is quite combustible. The bark of this tree is marked with rough, squarely-shaped plates which resemble the skin of an alligator. Get to know the many different types of Juniper shrubs and trees and how these evergreens as used in a wide range of applications such as medicine extracts, food and beverage coloring, and even as a fragrance in cosmetics. The essential oil of juniper is inhaled to ease body pain and cure illnesses like bronchitis. This species of Juniper grows in mountains at altitudes of 800 to 13000 meters. This evergreen tree has the capacity to reach up to 30 to 60 feet, boasting pointy, intense greenish-blue needles. J. communis is so common that it carries many different regional common names, including dwarf juniper, prostrate juniper, mountain common juniper, old field common juniper, ground juniper, creeping juniper, and carpet juniper. It is important to recognize these champion trees to understand the beauty and diversity of our ecosystem. As its name suggests, it is very tolerant of salty conditions. They tend to be deep blue or purple in hue and are often covered with a whitish bloom that needs to be wiped off before using them. The leaves on Chinese juniper are needle-like when the plants are young, but assume the shape of scales as the plant matures. But sometimes categorizing a juniper as a tree or a shrub is more difficult. Their efficacy for most of these conditions is unproven, however eating juniper berries is known to stimulate contractions in pregnant women and was used in earlier times to induce miscarriage. Originating in the northern hemisphere, juniper has between 50 to 60 different species. It has an upright trunk with thin, shedding strips. 36,618 juniper tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. By EU law, all the various types of gin must have juniper as the predominant flavour. Many species are dioecious, meaning that plants produce male or female parts, but not both. Types of Juniper. The question is how does juniper really work? Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. The needles boast small flowers, with yellow male blooms and yellowish-green female blooms. These low-growing shrubs come with the most practical usage i.e., beautifying the landscape. While some varieties reach only 18 inches (45 cm. Unlike many junipers, this tree has a fairly good tolerance for moisture, though it does not like to soak in boggy soil. Juniperus procumbens “Nana” is a compact plant that can grow up to 1 to 2 feet in height and width. The California Juniper types of juniper trees are the ones that are averaging 15 inches tall. By using The Spruce, you accept our, California Juniper (Juniperus californica), Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis), Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum), Utah Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma or J. utahensis). Adult needles are short and convex-shaped while juvenile ones are awl-like in shape. It has a broad base with a bluish-green upper surface. This plant is rarely planted as a landscape specimen, but the wood is often used for fence posts and other purposes. Common juniper is found across the U.S. and Canada (as well as Greenland, Europe, and Asia). Juniper shrubs are evergreen and are usually low spreading bush type plants. This tree has a reddish-brown or gray bark that sheds in strips and the cones are greenish berries that mature into purplish-brown. For example, they can be used as a beautiful ground cover. Hetzii is an eastern red cedar cultivar. The bark shoots up to 1.2 to 1.9 mm in width. Native to Asia, Chinese juniper trees and shrubs feature an old ridged bark with two types of needles – adult and juvenile. Unfortunately, cones usually have their seed apex exposed. The low type of Junipers can be used as great groundcover in the landscape and the large, upright works well for hedges, windbreaks and screens. With up to 60 juniper species to choose from, sometimes you might find it hard to land on the right type of juniper to suit your specific needs. This plant generally grows as a large shrub or small tree, with its growth habit determined largely by the conditions in which it grows. 12 Different Types of Juniper Shrubs and Trees, 26 Different Types of Brooms for Sweeping Floors, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. Due to their spreading nature they help control erosion and to cover an area with poor soil. Juniper, genus of about 60 to 70 species of aromatic evergreen trees or shrubs in the cypress family (Cupressaceae). The stems and branches are quite thick, and the gray-brown bark may exfoliate in thin strips. The reason why this juniper species is called creeping juniper is that it creeps into parts of plant borders. It is very tolerant of alkaline soils and is often used to provide erosion control on dry slopes. Some cultivars are low-growing shrubs suitable for use as ground covers, while the species form may take the form of small upright trees. Chinese juniper grows narrow and cone shaped. If you like, you can go for trimming if you need to make garlands, wreaths, sprigs, or mantle decoration out of their thick crown. California Juniper is also found on desert slopes from the Colorado Desert to Joshua Tree National Park to Kern County, California. Common juniper (Juniperus communis) A tree or shrub species from North America, Europe and Western Asia.Although it can reach 7 feet, in most cases it does not exceed 3.5 or 4 meters. This is one of the juniper species that is particularly susceptible to cedar-apple rust. It can be grown in a variety of soil types such as moist clay. The female seed cones are very distinctive, with fleshy, fruit-like coalescing scales which fuse together to form a "berry"-like structure, 4–27 mm (0.16–1.06 in) long, with one to 12 unwinged, hard-shelled seeds. Eastern redcedar is best planted in full sun or partial shade. This variety of juniper is vividly known for its varying size as it can be found in small to medium to large shrubs and trees. The tree boasts a reddish-brown bark, broad-shaped crown, and needle-like leaves. Looking after this form of the tree is super easy as it doesn’t need any heavy maintenance. The berries are also used as a seasoning for pickling pork or meat. While by the sound of it, creeping juniper seems nothing less than a “creepy” juniper. This towering tree is splendid to look at which is why it makes for a stunning scenic backdrop. Learn more about these trees and their care in the Juniper Bonsai care guide. Formerly, it was believed that maybe the exposed part was a different species (Juniperus gymnocarpa). Stunning Shohin tree. The plants are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Native to Mexico and the Himalayas of North Eastern Pakistan, weeping juniper is a tall tree with drooping branches. Several species are cultivated, and juniper cones, known as ‘berries,’ are used to flavor gin and other beverages. There are over 50 species of the genus juniperus total, and juniper horizantalis is just one of those species. Juniper ground covers are evergreens, meaning they keep their vibrant color all year long. Creeping juniper lives up to its name and works well as a groundcover. It has silver-blue foliage and is more common in 4 to 10 zones. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Common juniper produces stiff, long, and pointy needles with a glossy lower surface. One way to distinguish one seed juniper from others is observing its broad leaves that range up to 10 mm in length. It grows well in both alkaline and acidic soils, as well as adapting to many locations, such as windy sites. The leaves begin needle-like but becomes scales when the plants mature. That said, its growth rate varies to a great extent; it can be a creepy dwarf shrub to a heavily crowned, pillar-like tree. While they are not as long-lasting as the alligator juniper, they can grow for 50 to 150 years or above. There are many other varieties composed of different shapes and colors. David Beaulieu One popular type of creeping juniper is the Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug' ('Wiltonii' is similar). The leaves on mature plants are flattened scales, and the cones are dark-blue berries with a waxy white coating. As you venture into the world of juniper, it is best to narrow your search down to one of these types … Hetzii often goes by the name of Hetz juniper in nurseries. Taylor has attractive, silver bluish-green foliage. It spreads and covers patches of the ground, quicker than you can imagine. Red cedar is a form of juniper that is especially fragrant, a quality that is sometimes used to repel insects (the wood is often used in cedar chests). There are 13 juniper species native to … These glossy bluish-black cones contain only one seed and are the center of attraction among a large variety of birds. Highly tolerant to heat, this tough-like-a-rock tree boasts intense bluish-green leaves which are a sight to behold. 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs. Related: Types of Boxwood Shrubs | Types of Eucalyptus Trees | Types of Rhododendrons. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. At that time, it was the biggest tree of its species in the United States. There are more than 100 cultivars of this plant available, including varieties with yellow foliage. Owing to its unique appearance, drooping juniper is mainly planted for ornamental purposes. The hardy tree bears berry-like cones and scaly leaves. This evergreen species is a small to medium tree that spikes up to 50 feet in height. This type of juniper is an evergreen small tree or a coniferous shrub with a dense crown. Beyond medicinal application, juniper berries are used as a type of food or beverage flavoring. It is the most abundant juniper in North America, hence the name. Greek Juniper, or Juniperus excels is a type of juniper that is distributed throughout the eastern Mediterranean, northeastern Greece and southern Bulgaria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and all across Syria. Owing to the pollination, the tree is able to mature within the span of 6 to 8 months. Juniper is a short to medium-height evergreen shrub, belonging to the genus Juniperus. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. It has soft blue-green foliage and grows well in zones 7-11.Juniperus conferta or Shore Juniper is ideal for sandy and poor soils. Landscaping and privacy: This is by far the most common usage of junipers.
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